Physical to virtual P2V Hyper-V conversion for Hyper-V Server 2016 (and older versions) can be done in just a couple of simple steps.
Converting a physical machine to a virtual machine may be done “live” using the VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service). A common tool provided by Microsoft, though a little primitive and buggy, is Disk2VHD available here.
First Steps using Disk2VHD
The screen shot below shows a typical setup where you would select all necessary partitions on your server for P2V conversion. The physical hard drive will then be converted into a single VHDX file for each physical disk. The great thing about VHDX is you can grow beyond 2TB, which is the limitation of the VHD virtual disk format.
Use the options as shown below and click “create”:
The Disk2Vhd tool may be scripted, too. You could create a batch file (convert.bat) using the following command:
Usage: disk2vhd <[drive: [drive:]…]|[*]> <vhd file>
Example: disk2vhd * d:\vhdx\myserver.vhdx
The asterisk (*) includes all drives automatically; otherwise, enter the drive letters separately.
Setting up and Booting your New P2V Hyper-V Virtual Machine
Now basically we follow the common steps required of setting up a new VM in Hyper-V Server 2012 / R2 when only a VHDX file is present.
At the very least all you need is the VHDX file with the operating system on it. All other settings may be entered manually at any time.
We go to Hyper-V Manager and click “create new virtual machine” as shown here:
Then click next on the following boilerplate screen:
Now enter a name for the new VM:
Now comes the important part: enter the path to the VHDX file of the physical to virtual converted machine. This was either a VHD or a VHDX file created by Disk2Vhd earlier:
Click next until the wizard completes:
Congratulations! Now boot up the VM and fine tune Hyper-V settings as needed. In addition, you’ll want to install the Hyper-V Integration Services since it is important to have them up to date at all times. See this article
Disk2Vhd is a basic, primitive, but easy to use tool for P2V Hyper-V (physical to virtual) conversions of servers and PCs. The VHD and VHDX files created by Disk2Vhd can easily be mounted in Hyper-V.
The same VHD may also be installed on other virtualization platforms, such as Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 or Virtual PC 2007, if you are still using them.
All three, Hyper-V, Microsoft Virtual Server 2005, and Virtual PC 2007 can be backed up using BackupChain, which provides dozens of specialized features for virtual machine backup.