The fastest way to install a Hyper-V cluster utilizing cluster shared volumes and failover clustering is presented in this article.
- You need a domain controller. If you don’t have one yet, set one up now and make sure you don’t use it for Hyper-V as well (you could but shouldn’t)
- Your CPUs used for all nodes should all be the same kind and be utilizing Hardware-Assisted Virtualization Technology http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/virtualization/virtualization-technology/hardware-assist-virtualization-technology.html
- Connect both physical computers to the networks and storage
- If using ISCSI, use the ISCSI Initiator screen to set up the connection to the shared storage. Mount it to all nodes, initialize the drive, and format.
- Have plenty of RAM, at least twice the amount of all your VM RAM assignments added together
- Install Hyper-V and Failover Clustering on all nodes
- Create a virtual network
- Optional step: Validate the cluster configuration
- Create the cluster
- Create a virtual machine and reconfigure the automatic start action
- Make the virtual machine highly available (Use the failover clustering screens)
- Install guest operating systems
- Use at least three NICs.
- Format disks with GPT layouts and use large block sizes for NTFS
- If you use just two nodes, consider using cross-over cabling for best performance
- 1GBps links are minimum, 10Gbps is far better for stability during peaks, such as during backup operations
- The heartbeat traffic and Cluster Management Service traffic should be isolated from disk access traffic and backup traffic.
- Do not use private virtual networks, since they would need to exist on all hosts in the case of a live migration
- All nodes need to run the same Windows version
- Install Windows Updates at the same time on all nodes, so they are all up-to-date at all times and have identical update counts
- Update Hyper-V Integration Services after setting up the Hyper-V Cluster and VMs on it
- Use as few network protocols as possible to reduce overhead
- Use tool to backup Hyper-V cluster shared volume virtual machines